3. Tidying Data

Content for Wednesday, January 31, 2024


The tidyr package lets you reshape your data.


  • Karl W. Broman and Kara H. Woo “Data Organization in Spreadsheets,” The American Statistician 72, no. 1 (2018): 2–10, doi:10.1080/00031305.2017.1375989.
  • Paul Murrell “Data Intended for Human Consumption, Not Machine Consumption,” in Bad Data, ed. Q. Ethan McCallum (Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly, 2012), 31–51.


This talk by Jenny Bryan is five minutes long. Watch it.


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